The Annihilation of Jewish Greeks in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace during WWII: Particularities, Facts, Memory
During the night of March 3rd to March 4th, 1943, Bulgarian Occupation Forces swept the towns of Alexandroupoli, Komotini, and Xanthi in Thrace and the towns of Kavala, Drama, and Serres in Macedonia and, in one swift stroke, they apprehended all Jewish Greek inhabitants, rousing them in the middle of the night, confiscating their belongings and property. They assembled and held them in (mainly) tobacco warehouses. A few days later, they moved them to transitory points in Bulgaria proper. From there, they swiftly deported them outside the Bulgarian borders to the German Eastern Regions (sic), in accordance with the Dannecker – Belev Agreement signed in Sofia, on February 22nd, 1943. This was accomplished by delivering them, via Danube river boats, from Lom to Vienna. From there they were expedited by train convoys to Treblinka in occupied Poland. This sealed the fate of those souls and it marked the first ever instance of mass deportations and certain subsequent annihilation of Jewish Greeks from occupied Greek territory. Actually, this marked the first time ever of deportation of Greeks with the sole intention that of their murder.
(c) Paul Isaac Hagouel, Ph.D, Researcher, Holocaust Studies and Modern Greek History.
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