Students of antiquity usually follow Jakob Attje Otesen Larsen and believe that the notion koinon, ethnos and sympliteia were “official” or semi-official designations for Greek Leagues.  This view was challenged by Adalberto Giovannini, who argued that the terms klinon, ethnos, sympoliteia had no legal meaning. Consequently, Giovannini concluded that there was no difference between federal states and unitary ones in ancient Greece.  The most systemic and powerful defence of traditional views was presented by Frederick W. Walbank in a short study entitled “Were there Greek federal States?” 
(c) 2002 Jacek Rzepka, University of Warsaw, Department of Ancient History, Department Member
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